RUAF Research reports

Guideline 3: Methodological guidelines for calculating climate change related indicators of urban/regional food production and consumption (2014)

Guideline 3 of the series Monitoring impacts of urban and peri-urban agriculture and forestry on climate change mitigation and adaptation.The methodology provided in this manual for calculating these indicators is an adaptation of the well-known Life Cycle Analysis (LCA).

Guideline 2: Methodological guidelines for monitoring of temperature effects (2014)

Guideline 2 of the series Monitoring impacts of urban and peri-urban agriculture and forestry on climate change mitigation and adaptation.This methodological guideline will provide measurement, quantification and monitoring methods to assess the hypothesis that current and increased Urban and Peri-urban Agriculture and Forestry (UPAF) areas will reduce the urban heat island effect and contribute to energy savings.

Guideline 1: Methodological guidelines for monitoring of runoff and infiltration of storm water (2014)

Guideline 1 of the series: Monitoring impacts of urban and peri-urban agriculture and forestry on climate change mitigation and adaptation. In this manual, a methodology is proposed to relate different future scenarios of land use to changes in the runoff indicator and in flood risk.

Integrating urban agriculture and forestry into climate change action plans

Background paper: Integrating urban agriculture and forestry into climate change action plans-Lessons  from Western Province, Sri Lanka and Rosario, Argentina

Urban and peri-urban agriculture and forestry may be suitable strategies to address the triple challenge of climate change mitigation and adaptation, as well as the provision of basic services, including food; to a growing number of urban residents. The Western Province, Sri Lanka;  Rosario and the Province of Santa Fé, Argentina are supporting local agriculture to reduce dependency on imports, as a flood risk reduction strategy, and to improve urban food security. This background paper describes their programmes and policies in further detail and outlines key lessons learned.

Mainstreaming Gender in urban agriculture research and development projects

RUAF partners analysed the roles of women and men in urban food production in 16 cities from three developing regions and tested guidelines guidelines and tools to bring women into the mainstream of urban agriculture research and development. The results were included in the publication "Women Feeding Cities" edited by Alice Hovorka (University of Guelph), Henk de Zeeuw (RUAF) and Mary Njenga (CIP-Nairobi) published by RUAF and Practical Action, 2010. The case studies are contained in part 2 and the guidelines in part 3. Part 1 provides an introduction to main concepts and a synthesis of the results of the case studies and the pilot projects.

Productive use of wastewater

RUAF partners undertook research and pilot projects related to productive reuse of wastewater in Accra, Beijing and Lima in the context of the SWITCH project on sustainable and integrated city water management. 
A summary of the main results of these studies can be found in the article by René van Veenhuizen and Olofunke Cofie (2011) in the Urban Agriculture Magazine titled "Sustainable use of water in urban agriculture". Articles on two of the city studies were included in the final report on the SWITCH project (see page 39 onwards for the Lima study and page 225 onwards for the Beijing study). For more details on the SWITCH project and access to a series of articles on the the various studies and pilot projects see the SWITCH project   

Innovative experiences in short chain development, productive reuse of wastes and multifunctional landuse

Marielle Dubbeling, Henk Renting, RUAF Foundation, 2013

In the context of the SUPURBFOOD project the RUAF Foundation collected and analysed innovative experiences in cities of developing countries on:

i) short food chain initiatives (in cooperation with Nicole Oudewater and Mayte de Vries (ETC-RUAF) 
ii) productive reuse of reclaimed wastewater and organic wastes in agriculture (in cooperation with Olofunke Cofie and Lisa Jackson (IMWI-RUAF)
iii) multifunctional land use (in cooperation with Chloe Naneix and Jianming Cai (IGSNRR-RUAF)
and related social and institutional innovation. Also a synthesis report on the three studies is available 

The growth of cities in East-Africa : consequences for urban food supply

by Marielle Dubbeling, RUAF Foundation, 2010 (in coordination with World Bank and Global Hort)

This report summarizes the results of an analysis of the trends in urban growth and food insecurity of/in cities in East Africa and how national and local policies in Ethiopia/Addis Abbeba, Tanzania/Dar es Salaam, Uganda/Kampala, Madagascar/Antananarivo and Kenya/Nairobi and Nakuru regarding (intra and peri-) urban horticulture influences urban food security. Based on this analysis, effective strategies to strengthen urban food supply and city regional food systems are identified.  The report was prepared on request of the World Bank in preparation of the Expert seminar on high value horticulture in/around fast growing cities in Eastern and Southern Africa, organized by the World Bank and GlobalHort in Nairobi, 2010

Effects of the global financial crisis on the food security of poor urban households

By Gordon Prain and Henk de Zeeuw, RUAF Foundation, 2010 (in coordination with UN HABITAT and the International Development Research Centre)
These reports present the results of a study during the second half of 2009 into the effects of the global financial crisis of 2008 on the food security of low and middle income populations in 5 cities: Rosario (Argentina), Bogota (Colombia), Accra (Ghana), Kitwe (Zambia) and Colombo (Sri Lanka). The studies assessed current socio-economic circumstances of households, food practices, coping strategies, the policy environment and current nutritional status of women and young children. For the synthesis report and the five case study reports press read more.

Profitability and Sustainability of Urban and Peri-urban Agriculture

by René van Veenhuizen (ETC-RUAF) and George Danso (IMWI-RUAF), 2007 

This report was prepared by the RUAF member organisations ETC and IWMI for the Food and Agriculture Organization. The report reviews available research data on the profitability and sustainability of (intra- and peri-) urban agriculture in cities in Africa and Asia mainly. The report also analyses important gaps in the available data and important challenges for future research on the socio-economic aspects of urban agriculture.