Monitoring the impacts of urban agriculture on climate change adaptation and mitigation in cities

RUAF Foundation brought together a group of international and local ​scientists to jointly design indicators and tools to measure the various impacts of urban agriculture and forestry on climate change adaptation and mitigation and related developmental co-benefits. The draft monitoring framework was field tested in cooperation with local and provincial authorities, NGOs and universities in 4 cities: Kesbewa (Sri Lanka), Rosario (Argentina), Kathmandu (Nepal) and Bobo Dioulassou (Burkina Faso). Research results were used to facilitate policy uptake. The project was supported by CDKN and UN Habitat-Cities and Climate Change Initiative.

Duration  3 years

Funding  Climate and Development Knowledge Network (CDKN, UK) and project partners, co-funding from UN Habitat-Cities and Climate Change Initiative.

Project partners  RUAF Foundation (coordination, the Netherlands); Applied Plant Research International of the Wageningen University and Research Centre (The Netherlands); School of Forestry of the University of Florida (USA); The International Water Management Institute (Sri Lanka);  The Ministry of Agriculture, Agrarian Development, Minor Irrigation, Industries and Environment of Western Province (Sri Lanka); Kesbewa Urban Council (Sri Lanka); The Ministry of Water, Public Services and Environment, Santa Fe Province (Argentina); Municipality of Rosario (Argentina); Institute of Physics – CONICET Rosario (Argentina); The National University of Rosario (Argentina); Comune de Bobo Dioulasso (Burkina Faso); l'Institut d'Application et de Vulgarisation en Sciences (Burkina Faso); Kathmandu Metropolitan City Office (Nepal); Institute for Social and Environmental Transition (Nepal).


  • Design of a draft monitoring framework with clear indicators and simple yet robust tools for the monitoring of the impacts of Urban and Peri-urban Agriculture and Forestry (UPAF)​ on climate change adaptation;  mitigation and developmental benefits.
  • Field testing of the draft monitoring framework in UPAF projects in 4 cities: Kesbewa (Sri Lanka), Rosario (Argentina), Kathmandu (Nepal) and Bobo Dioulassou (Burkina Faso) (field testing in the latter two cities was funded by the UN-HABITAT -Cities and Climate Change programme).    
  • In two cities (Kesbewa and Rosario):  the design of alternative scenarios for the development of urban food systems in that city, and the calculation of expected impacts of each scenario (food-miles, emissions and energy use), as a basis for local decision making and planning.
  • Facilitation of the integration of UPAF as a component of the city and provincial climate change and urban development strategies and securing adequate follow-up actions amongst others by training local researchers and local government staff on UPAF models, their inclusion in climate change programmes and the monitoring of their impacts.
  • Dissemination of project results (project synthesis report describing project outcomes; the monitoring framework).

Results obtained

  • A field-tested conceptual and methodological framework for the monitoring of the impacts of urban agriculture and forestry on climate change adaptation and mitigation and a number of developmental co-benefits (food security, income, eco-system services).
  • Enhanced capacities of the local project partners regarding monitoring of the impacts of UPAF
  • Established south-south-north partnerships in this area.
  • The uptake of UPAF in local and provincial climate change mitigation and adaptation strategies has been secured  by involving policy makers in monitoring activities; the development of scenarios for urban food systems and by training local staff in the inclusion of locally appropriate UPAF-models in the city/provincial climate change strategy as well as in other urban policies.
  • The project results have been widely disseminated to decision makers and planners in cities taking part in climate change programmes and networks, and to the academic community.  


Monitoring guidelines

Research reports from Rosario, Argentina

Research reports from Kesbewa, Sri Lanka

Policy Briefs and outputs

The following articles have been produced:

PDF icon Report 1.1 Report on potential UPAF impacts on Climate Change (Final).pdf1.11 MB
PDF icon Report 1.2 Needs and requirements for monitoring impacts urban agriculture on climate change (Final).pdf931.73 KB
PDF icon Project poster Monitoring the impacts of UPAF on climate change.pdf920.81 KB
PDF icon Poster Monitoring climate change impacts of a UPAF project in Bobo Dioulasso.pdf7.63 MB
PDF icon A first framework for monitoring the impacts of urban agriculture on climate change.pdf399.82 KB
PDF icon Monitoring the climate change impacts of urban agriculture in Rosario, Argentina.pdf412.87 KB
PDF icon Needs and requirements for the monitoring of UPAF impacts.pdf372.24 KB
PDF icon Surface temperature variations in Kesbewa Urban Council, Sri Lanka.pdf385.95 KB
PDF icon Integrating urban agriculture into climate change action plans-Lessons from Sri Lanka.pdf1.28 MB
PDF icon Consumo de combustible ye emision de CO2 comparando la produccion y transporte de vegetales hacia la ciudad de Rosario con una produccion local.pdf1.98 MB
PDF icon Impacto de agricultura y forestacion urbana sobre la temperatura.pdf2.22 MB
PDF icon Assessment of food miles and reduction of GHG emissions related to urban food production in Kesbewa Sri Lanka final2.pdf1.23 MB
PDF icon Monitoring the effects of urban agriculture and forestry on air temperature in Kesbewa Sri Lanka final.pdf2.24 MB
PDF icon Monitoring the effects of urban agriculture and forestry on run-off in Kesbewa, Sri Lanka final2.pdf1.94 MB
PDF icon Monitoring the impact of urban agriculture and forestry on land surface temperatures in Kesbewa Sri lanka final.pdf1.82 MB
PDF icon Policy brief Urban agriculture as a climate change strategy.pdf1.04 MB
PDF icon Reduccion de riesgo de inundacion mediante incremento de areas de la agricultura urbana y peri-urbana Final.pdf7.01 MB
PDF icon G1_draft_small.pdf1.91 MB
PDF icon G2_draft.pdf905.28 KB
PDF icon G3_draft.pdf743.28 KB
PDF icon Effects of urban green areas on air temperature in Rosario Argentina.pdf656.24 KB
PDF icon Final project synthesis_CDKN_RUAF.pdf143.8 KB