RUAF worded as a thematic partner under the MFS II programme of the Dutch WASH Alliance (DWA), which started in 2011 and came to an end in 2015. The DWA was formed by twelve Dutch CSOs with extensive experience in Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH). The DWA worked with close to 80 country programme partners in eight countries.
In 2015 the DWA continued as a partnership under the name WASH Alliance International (WAI). In December 2015, a bridging year was approved by DGIS: Accelerating Sustainable WASH – WASH Alliance International Programme 2016.
In collaboration with WAI full partner WASTE, RUAF focused its work under Wash in Ghana, Nepal, Bangladesh, Ethiopia and Kenya, while minor activities have been undertaken in Malawi and Benin. In the past five years RUAF and its local partners, have put the issue of Safe and Productive Use of Waste for Urban and Peri-urban Agriculture on the policy agenda; did research on key issues and raised awareness; support farmers and their organisations and businesses (and gave them a voice and place in city multi-stakeholder platforms); and supported innovations and business thinking along the sanitation value chain.
Duration 1 year
Funding Dutch Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the Netherlands; partners in the WASH Alliance International
- WAI partners: Simavi (coordination), Akvo, AMREF, RAIN, WASTE—all based in the Netherlands
- RUAF Foundation (coordination of productive reuse component)
- Local civil society organisations participating in the WAI-National programmes
Activities (under the productive reuse component of DWA-WASH)
- Training the local WAI partners in 3 countries (Ghana, Nepal, Bangladesh) on the various aspects of safe productive reuse of wastewater in agriculture
- Supporting the WAI partners in the assessment of the local situation, strategic planning and project design and implementation and monitoring of development activities regarding productive reuse of wastewater
- Promoting the policy uptake and institutionalisation of this approach by the local partners and local authorities as well as by other WAI partners. Policy uptake is stimulated through organisation of a multi-stakeholder platform, development of scenarios regarding productive reuse of urban wastes and wastewater, and joint design and monitoring of related research and development projects.
Results of the reuse component
- DWA-WASH projects in 4 countries include a productive reuse component; beneficiaries of these WAI-WASH projects in 3 countries have profited from the productive reuse of urban wastewater (higher production due to the availability of this irrigation water and its nutrients, reduction of costs due to reduction in fertilisers, and resultant enhanced food security and income, and decreased health problems due to uncontrolled disposal of wastewater).
- Local capacities of the local and international WAI partners have been enhanced regarding inclusion of a component of safe productive reuse of wastewater in their WASH programmes.
- The sustainability of these programmes will have been enhanced due to their increased economic relevance to the local communities and the related increase in local cost-recovery capacity.
- Local policy makers and service providers and the Dutch DWA partners will be aware of the importance and practical application of productive reuse of wastewater in WASH programmes and will be integrating such a component in their WASH policies and programmes.
The following articles/reports are available:
- Business Opportunities in Safe and Productive Use of Waste in Tamale
- Urban Rural Linkages and WASH in Kajiado County, Kenya
- WASH and Food Security in Surkhet District, Nepal
- Sustainable Financing, Scaling Up WASH and Urban Agriculture
- Safe and Productive Use of Waste, bringing in RUAF experiences in WASH
- Linking WASH to the National Programme on Urban Agriculture in Dire Dawa, Ethiopia
- Productive Reuse Concept in Janajyoti School in Nepal: A Step towards FIETS Sustainability
- Human Urine Application in (Urban) Agriculture: A Local Champion in Nepal
- Policy narrative urban and peri-urban agriculture in Tamale (2015)
- WASH RUAF ENPHO Nepal Innovation Schools
- WASH RUAF FIETS Monitoring Framework
- WASH RUAF Policy Brief
RUAF Final Report